Line Art Animation 101
One of the most fundamental tools in art is the line. The line is what illustrates the edge of a flat, two-dimensional shape or a three-dimensional form. Line art animation is any image that consists of distinct curved or straight lines against a plain, typically white, background to ensure the lines are the primary focus. With line art animation, there are no differences in shade or hue to illustrate two-dimensional or three-dimensional objects, like in the video below.
Line art draws the most focus to outline and form, while color, shading, and texture are all secondary. While line art sometimes contains color, it’s typically monochromatic. However, dots and areas of solid pigment can be used in addition to lines to add visual texture to the illustrations.
There are several types of line art animation: pencil drawings, technical illustrations, and brush work. Pencil art contains lines that are all a consistent width. Technical illustrations feature lines of different width. Finally, brush work contains lines that are all varying widths.
Line art is used in many realism pieces, like in the work of renowned French artist Gustave Dore. Line art animation can also be a glyph, ideograph, or cartoon like the one in the video below.